Hydraulic coupler work process
Working process of hydraulic torque converter:
Fluid coupling consists of pump, turbine and turn the outer shell. Pump and turbine the same size, layout, the cavity has a number of radial blades, turbine number 114 less than the pump, to avoid resonance. Pump and motor spindle (or first gear axis) connected to turbine shaft and the pump shaft (or second gear axis).
The pump and the formation of turbine oil oil pump after people on the inside of the cavity, under the action of centrifugal force dumped oil cavity lateral to form high speed oil flow on the opposite of the turbine blades, drive turbine is rotating. Then, turbine blade flow to the oil Chamber oil along the inside and gradually slowed down, back to the inside of the pump wheel, forming a circular flow of oil.
Turbine and turns in the cavity of the shell, since the clearance of the pump and turbine (or opened on the Turbo oil inlet) shed oil with rotating casing and turbine, under the action of centrifugal force forming oil ring. In this way, energy in the fuel pump and release energy in the turbine, completed the transfer of energy.
If you change the amount of oil, you can change the size of the transmit power, thereby changing the speed of the turbine to meet the load demand. Oil changes can be used by oil pump (or auxiliary oil policy) by the input of the control valve or turbine oil hole (there are also entered in the hollow shaft of the turbine oil) to change the oil and achieve, Scoop or by changing the rotating shell cavity journey to change oil oil spill while implementation.